Immigration status and work disability duration


Differences in disability duration: Recent and established immigrants compared to Canadian-born injured workers, BC, 1995-2012

In brief

  • Immigrant workers, particularly recent immigrants who may have lower English proficiency and a lack of familiarity with Canadian social programs, face particular challenges after a work injury.
  • We compared disability durations for compensated work injuries in BC for recent immigrants (less than 10 years in Canada), established immigrants (more than 10 years in Canada), and Canadian-born workers, by linking accepted workers’ compensation claims in BC to permanent resident data from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.
  • Both recent and established immigrants had longer work disability durations than Canadian-born workers, after adjusting for demographic and occupational characteristics.
  • The relationship between immigration status and disability duration was greater for younger immigrant workers than for older immigrant workers and for immigrant men than for immigrant women.

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