Associate Professor and Head, Occupational and Environmental Health Division, UBC School of Population and Public Health
Scientist, Institute for Work & Health, Toronto
As Partnership Co-Director, Dr. Chris McLeod’s research focuses on the program and policy evaluation of occupational health policies and practices and on the causes and consequences of work-related injury and disease. Dr. McLeod also is a content data expert for Population Data BC and is actively working on developing and extending the occupational health data available to researchers through Population Data BC. Current areas of research include an assessment of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety management systems on work injury; an examination of the etiology and outcomes of serious work-related injury; and national and international comparative work with jurisdictions in Ontario, Manitoba, Australia, and New Zealand.
More broadly, Chris’s research explores how institutional and economic structures across countries affect health and health inequalities over the working life course. This research uses high quality comparable longitudinal data from representative economies to examine the relationship between employment and working conditions and worker health within and across countries. His work examining the relationship between unemployment and health, supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council and the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, has been recently published in the Annual Review of Public Health and the American Journal of Public Health. In 2013 Chris received a CIHR New Investigator Award to expand this program of research. He is also an Early Career Scholar at the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies and recipient of a Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Scholar Award for 2016 to 2021.
Chris holds a PhD in population and public health from UBC and a MA in economics from McMaster University, and teaches courses on the social determinants of health, public health, and occupational disease in the School of Population and Public Health at UBC.
Graduate student opportunities
PhD and Masters research opportunities are available under Chris’s supervision in the School of Population and Public Health in the following areas: evaluation of occupational health and safety policies and programs, comparative analysis of OHS and workers compensation systems nationally and internationally, and the determinants of and consequences of occupational injury or disease. A research stipend may be available depending on the topic. Interested students should contact Chris with a CV and statement of interest.
Depressive Symptom Trajectories and Early Adult Education and Employment: Comparing Longitudinal Cohorts in Canada and the United States
Minh A, Bültmann U, Reijneveld SA, van Zon SKR, McLeod CB.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(8),4279.
Determining hazard management changes in workplaces following workplace safety inspections by WorkSafeBC in British Columbia, Canada
Macpherson RA, Yousefi M, McLeod CB.
Safety Science. 2021;140. Available online 19 April 2021.
Impact of anxiety and depression disorders on sustained return to work after work-related musculoskeletal strain or sprain: a gender stratified cohort study
Jones AM, Koehoorn M, Bültmann U, McLeod CB.
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2021 Mar 21:3951. Online ahead of print.
Does gradually returning to work improve time to sustainable work after a work-acquired musculoskeletal disorder in British Columbia, Canada? A matched cohort effectiveness study
Maas ET, Koehoorn M, McLeod CB.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Published Online First: 18 March 2021.
Provost S, MacPhee M, Daniels MA, Naimi M, McLeod C.
Healthcare. 2021; 9(3):339.
Do differences in work disability duration by interjurisdictional claim status vary by industry and jurisdictional context?
Macpherson R, Koehoorn M, Neis B, McLeod C.
Occup Environ Med. 2021 Jan 27;oemed-2020-106917.
Quinn E, Harper A, Rydz E, Smith P, Koehoorn M, Peters C.
Labour & Industry. 2021 Jan 20.
Age Differences in Work-Disability Duration Across Canada: Examining Variations by Follow-Up Time and Context
Fan JK, Macpherson RA, Smith PM, Harris MA, Gignac MAM, McLeod CB.
Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. 2020 Sep 10. [Epub ahead of print].
Macpherson RA, Amick BC, Collie A, Hogg-Johnson S, Koehoorn M, Smith PM, McLeod CB.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2020 Mar 5. [Epub ahead of print].
Gender Differences in Surgery for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injury: A Population-Based Cohort Study
Jones AM, Koehoorn M, McLeod CB.
Healthcare Policy. 2020 Feb;15(3):47-62.
Choi K, Maas ET, Koehoorn M, McLeod CB.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2020 Mar;77(3):160-167.
Descriptive Epidemiology of Gradual Return to Work for Workers with a Work-acquired Musculoskeletal Disorder in British Columbia, Canada
Maas ET, Koehoorn M, McLeod CB.
J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Nov 15. [Epub ahead of print].
Investigating young adults’ mental health and early working life trajectories from a life course perspective: the role of transitions
Bültmann U, Arends I, Veldman K, McLeod CB, van Zon SKR, Amick B.
BMJ Epidemiology and Community Health. 2019 Nov 6. [Epub ahead of print.]
Out of the labour force and out of school: a population-representative study of youth labour force attachment and mental health
Minh A, O’Campo P Guhn M, McLeod CB.
Journal of Youth Studies. 2019.
Macpherson RA, Koehoorn M, Fan J, Quirke W, Amick BC, Kraut A, Mustard CA, McLeod CB.
J Occup Rehabil. 2019 Sep; 29(3):560-568.
Age, sex, and the changing disability burden of compensated work-related musculoskeletal disorders in Canada and Australia
Macpherson R, Lane T, Collie A, McLeod C.
BMC Public Health. 2018;18:758.
Labor market and health trajectories during periods of economic recession and expansion in the United States, 1988‒2011
Fan J, Amick B, Richardson L, Scott-Marshall H, McLeod C.
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2018 Jun 12. [Epub ahead of print]
Return-to-work for multiple jobholders with a work-related musculoskeletal disorder: A population-based, matched cohort in British Columbia
Maas E, Koehoorn M, McLeod C.
PLoS One. 2018 Apr 3;13(4): e0193618.
Identifying return-to-work trajectories using sequence analysis in a cohort of workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders
McLeod C, Reiff E, Maas E, Bultmann U.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. 2017. [Online-first article]
The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure
Tompa E, Kalcevich C, McLeod C, Lebeau M, Song C, McLeod K, Kim J, Demers PA.
Occup Environ Med. 2017;74(11):816-22.
A systematic literature review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety regulatory enforcement
Tompa E, Kalcevich C, Foley M, McLeod C, Hogg-Johnson S, Cullen K, MacEachen E, Irvin E, Mahood Q.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2016 Nov;59(11):919-933.
Zhang W, McLeod C, Koehoorn M.
Scand J Work Environ Health 2016 Sep; 42(5): 413-422.
Tompa E, McLeod C, Mustard C.
J Occup Environ Med. 2016 Jul; 58(7): 718-27.
Amick B, McLeod C, Bültmann U.
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2016 Jul;42(4):346-53.
Measuring gender when you don’t have a gender measure: constructing a gender index using survey data
Smith P, Koehoorn M.
Int J Equity Health. 2016 May 28;15(1):82.
Does time off work after injury vary by jurisdiction? A comparative study of eight Australian workers’ compensation systems
Collie A, Lane T, Hassani-Mahmooei B, Thompson J, McLeod C.
BMJ Open. 2016 May; 6(5): e010910.
Stakeholders’ Perspectives About and Priorities for Economic Evaluation of Health and Safety Programs in Healthcare
Tompa E, de Boer H, Macdonald S, Alamgir H, Koehoorn M, Guzman J.
Workplace Health Saf. 2016 Apr;64(4):163-74.
Socías ME, Koehoorn M, Shoveller J.
Womens Health Issues. 2016 Jan-Feb;26(1):74-9.
Guzman J, Tompa E, Koehoorn M, de Boer H, Macdonald S, Alamgir H.
Occupational Medicine (Lond). 2015 Oct;65(7):590-7.
McLeod C, Sarkany D, Davies H, Lyons K, Koehoorn M.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2015 Sep 1;41(5):478-85.
Characteristics of work-related fatal and hospitalised injuries not captured in workers’ compensation data
Koehoorn M, Tamburic L, Xu F, Alamgir H, Demers P, McLeod C.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2015; 72(6): 413-20.
Koehoorn M, Tamburic L, McLeod C, Demers P, Lynd, L, Kennedy S. Chronic Diseases in Canada. 2013; 33(2).
The relationship between age and work injury in British Columbia: Examining differences across time and nature of injury
Smith P, Bielecky A, Mustard C, Beaton D, Hogg-Johnson S, Ibrahim S, Koehoorn M, McLeod C, Saunders R, Scott-Marshall H. Journal of Occupational Health. 2013; 55(2): 98-107.
Mustard C, Chambers A, McLeod C, Bielecky A, Smith P. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2013; 70(1): 49-56
Fan J, McLeod C, Koehoorn M. PLoS ONE. 2012; 7(6): e38750.
Mustard C, Chambers A, McLeod C, Bielecky A, Smith P. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2012;69(5):317-24.
Kirkham TL, Koehoorn MW, McLeod CB, Demers PA. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2011 Jan;68(1):30-5.
Research summary [472 KB]
Do private clinics or expedited fees reduce disability duration for injured workers following knee surgery?
Koehoorn, M, McLeod C, Fan J, McGrail K, Barer M, Cote P, Hogg-Johnson S. Healthcare Policy. 2011;7(1):55-70.
Wong I, McLeod CB, Demers P. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2011;37(1):54-61.
Sociodemographic, clinical, and work characteristics associated with return-to-work outcomes following surgery for work-related knee injury
Fan JK, McLeod CB, Koehoorn M. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2010;36(4):332-338.
Kling R, McLeod C, Koehoorn M. Sleep. 2010; 33(5): 611-618.
Commentary: Teodorescu M, Szklo-Coxe M. Sleep well to stay safe: Ready for Primetime? Sleep. 2010; 33(5): 577-578.
Gan W, Demers P, McLeod C, Koehoorn M. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2009;66:766-771.
Research opportunities using administrative databases and existing surveys for new knowledge in occupational health and safety in Canada, Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia
Smith P, Stock S, McLeod C, Koehoorn M, Marchand A, Mustard C. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2009;101(Suppl.1):S46-52.
Research Summary [PDF: 130 KB]
Kennedy S, Koehoorn M. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2003; 44(6):576-583.
Other selected publications
McLeod C, Lavis J, MacNab Y, Hertzman C. Unemployment and mortality: a comparative study of Germany and the United States. American Journal of Public Health. 2012;102(8):1542-1550.
McLeod C, Hall P, Siddiqi A, Hertzman C. How society shapes the health gradient: work-related health inequalities in a comparative perspective. Annual Review of Public Health. 2012;33:59-73.
Tompa E, Trevithick S, McLeod C. Systematic review of the prevention incentives of insurance and regulatory mechanism for occupational health and safety. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment & Health. 2007;33(1):85-95.
Lavis J, Ross S, McLeod C, Gildiner A. Measuring the impact of health research. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy. 2003;8(3):165-170.
Lavis J, Robertson D, Woodside J, McLeod C, Abelson J and the Knowledge Transfer Study Group. How can research organizations more effectively transfer research knowledge to decision makers? Milbank Quarterly. 2003;81:221-248.
McLeod C, Lavis J, Mustard C, Stoddart G. Income inequality, household income and health status in Canada: a prospective cohort study. American Journal of Public Health. 2003;93(8):1287-1293.